By Brian Stout, Joe Yates, Brian Williams
This is often the 1st ebook to hide comprehensively and accessibly the world of utilized criminology. It attracts jointly best specialists with event of educating, examine and perform. each one bankruptcy engages with the applying of criminology in a selected zone of the group and felony justice procedure.
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Supported by the Home Office quality standards for research (Home Office, 2004a), this view presents a continuing link with criminology’s beginnings. An example of influential research is the Cambridge Study which began in the, 1960s in the heyday of empirical positivist criminology and continues to actively influence policy decisions. , 2006) following up the sample at age fifty. There are interesting findings about the unpredictability of futures within this report, and yet a key recommendation is the need to intervene in the lives of children deemed to be ‘at risk’ before the age of ten years, supporting current policy.
Any of these could be more important in relation to a particular decision than the ‘evidence’. Research, evidence and policy The complexity of the policy process is noted by a report of the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee (2006), which says: In considering evidence based policy, we conclude that the Government should not overplay this mantra, but should acknowledge more openly the many drivers of policy making, as well as any gaps in the relevant research base. ’ (House of Commons, 2006:3) Despite acknowledging the complexity (see text box), the committee still held to the view that policy makers need more and better research.
These are essentially moral and ontological choices that cannot be informed by empirical work. They can however be addressed by theoretical criminology, and there is much criminological literature that does this (see, for example, Tombs and Williams, this volume), and the social construction of crime is an important issue for research. So in this history, whilst we see much change we also see much that stays the same. Many of the historical themes of criminology continue to be highly visible today, at least in public and media discourse if not in academe.
Applied Criminology by Brian Stout, Joe Yates, Brian Williams