By Ato Kwamena Onoma
Utilizing comparative circumstances from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this examine explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action via nation officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults occur the place governments instigate them due to hyperlinks among a number of refugees and significant competition teams within the host nation. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and view refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the examine of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent the vast majority of refugees even in circumstances of critical refugee militarization, and gives feedback for broader figuring out of and coverage ideas for refugee politics and violence.
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Additional resources for Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics
4. 5. ” 255; Art Hansen, “Managing refugees: Zambia’s response to Angolan refugees 1966–1977,” Disasters 3 (4–1979): 377; McGovern, “Conflit r´egional”; Holborn, Refugees, 1087–1089 and 1233–1234; and Rene Lemarchand, Rwanda and Burundi (New York Praeger Publishers, 1970), 210–211; Mamdani, When victims become killers, 168–169; Mamdani, “Uganda and background of the RPF invasion,” in Conflict and ethnicity in Central Africa, ed. 18 Refugee warriors are combatants and are defined here as refugees who are involved, even if only on a part-time basis, in combat operations.
To protect and administer refugees, states deploy a mix of civilian officials usually under ministries of interior, home affairs, and defense, such as police and gendarmes, officials of national refugee agencies, and the armed forces. 20 National refugee agencies often work closely with international agencies such as the UNHCR to deal with refugee populations. It is one thing to claim that states often extend protection to refugees and another to assert, as this book does, that such protection is enough to prevent local populations from undertaking generalized anti-refugee violence.
45 Even where they cannot do so, cultural processes that allow for the incorporation of strangers facilitate movement. 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Mats Utas, “West-African Warscapes: Victimcy, Girlfriending, Soldiering: Tactic Agency in a Young Woman’s Social Navigation of the Liberian War Zone,” Anthropological Quarterly 78 (Spring 2005): 413–426. Lucy Hovil, “Hoping for peace, afraid of war: the dilemmas of repatriation and belonging on the borders of Uganda and South Sudan,” New Issues in Refugee Research No.
Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics by Ato Kwamena Onoma