By Maria T. Baldwin
Akira Iriye challenged historians to hitch political scientists within the research of foreign non-governmental businesses, saying in international group (2002) that this research offers a clean point of view at the evolution of diplomacy and permits us to reconceptualize glossy global heritage. Baldwin s learn takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty foreign has performed a awesome function in shaping U.S. overseas coverage. Her examine unearths that the policymaking surroundings has been, partly, re-shaped via the paintings of Amnesty foreign, therefore our knowing of the policymaking approach will be stronger via incorporating reviews of INGOs and the importance of soppy strength into our coverage experiences.
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Extra resources for Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China
Policymakers and its citizens as well as its efforts to strengthen the deference to international human rights norms and laws in the United States. The three countries under consideration are Guatemala, the United States of America, and the People’s Republic of China. S. policy decisions. These countries reflect a geopolitical balance which AI, especially in its early history, maintained between developed and developing nations as well as nations representing different governmental ideologies. The differences between these countries in overall stability, influence and power—both hard and soft—will provide information about which environments and situations are best suited for AI’s work.
It was hoped that AI’s high degree of transparency would take the emphasis off AI for calling attention to human rights abuse and focus that attention on the abuse itself. Economic and Political Independence AI’s sought to maintain its economic independence to ensure that financial ties did not undermine its human rights work. Therefore AI did not seek or accept money from governments or foundations; in this way, it ensured it was beholding only to its worldwide membership and was economically independent.
Clark also used a case study approach; however, she used her case studies to do more than just document AI’s history. She used these case studies to document the important role played by AI in establishing international human right norms. ”50 Clark’s volume provides a rigorous study of the impact and effectiveness of AI’s human rights advocacy in international law and by extension in the global conscience. The final work on AI published in 2006 by Stephen Hopgood entitled Keepers of the Flame: Understanding Amnesty International was not a history of the organization but an attempt to understand the evolution of the International Secretariat—which Hopgood’s calls AI’s nerve center.
Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China by Maria T. Baldwin