By Peyton E. Daniels
Africa has traditionally held a peripheral function within the transnational illicit drug exchange, yet in recent times has more and more develop into a spotlight for drug trafficking, rather of cocaine. Africa's emergence as a trafficking nexus seems to be to have resulted from structural shifts in foreign drug trafficking styles. This publication examines how most sensible to stability momentary and long term counter-narcotics ambitions and techniques in Africa, how quite a few U.S. civilian and army and overseas organization counter-narcotics roles and duties in Africa will be outlined and what kinds and degrees of assets those efforts might require.
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Extra info for Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues)
Once on the continent, the drugs are broken down into smaller quantities for further shipment using various means Testimony of William Wechsler, Deputy Assistant Secretary… 45 and routes. Often, traffickers will put as many as 30 couriers on a single commercial flight from places like Accra, Ghana to the European Union, and will then give the name of one courier to the authorities on the receiving end to focus law enforcement on that individual, allowing the remainder to proceed unchecked. West African organized crime groups receive large amount of cash or up to one third of the drug shipment as payment for services.
Are the same as those using Africa as a base of operations for smuggling operations into Europe and the Middle East. By expanding DEA‘s operational capabilities into Africa, DTOs will increasingly find it difficult to operate in Africa with continued relative impunity. S. government partners for assistance in capacity building and mentoring programs with African law enforcement counterparts. DEA‘s presence in Africa consists of four offices established on the continent of Africa (Nigeria, Ghana, Egypt & South Africa), and is anticipating opening an office in Kenya.
In 2008, this fell to approximately 40 percent of the cocaine destined for Europe, likely due to the instability in Guinea and Guinea Bissau, two of the regions primary entry points. In 2009 this figure is expected to climb again, as the drug trafficking organizations adjust their operations around the political realities of the region. Drug traffickers have intensified their use of Africa as a transshipment point as a reaction to increased interdiction efforts against direct shipment to Europe and to take advantage of Africa‘s porous borders, instability, corruption, and lack of law enforcement.
Africa's Connection to the Drug Trade (African Political, Economic, and Security Issues) by Peyton E. Daniels