By Marie Eileen Francois
Pairing the examine of family intake with an in depth research of the increase of personal and public pawnbroking offers an unique context for figuring out the position of small company in lifestyle. Marie Eileen Francois weighs colonial reforms, liberal laws, and social revolution by way of their impression on families and pawning businesses.
Based on facts from pawnshop inventories, censuses, laws, petitions, literature, and newspapers, A tradition of daily Credit portrays families, small companies, and govt entities as intersecting arenas in a single fabric international, a global strapped for money all through many of the century and grew to become the wrong way up through the Mexican Revolution.
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Additional resources for A Culture of Everyday Credit: Housekeeping, Pawnbroking, and Governance in Mexico City, 1750-1920 (Engendering Latin America)
The 1810 regulations speciﬁed that individual pieces from silver tableware sets easily secreted out of elite households were not legitimate collateral, though sets of silverware were. ∏∞ Statesmen from Europe as well as Creole ministers and council members protected their locally born women, their material goods, their access to collateral credit, and hence their own elite status through regulation and provision of credit arenas. The evidence from pawning inventories suggests that the portrait of the desperately poor, vice-ridden, or dishonest pawning clientele in the discourse of Spanish statesmen was overdrawn, while the image of the typical pawning customer as a woman was more on the mark.
Each of the housekeeping chapters provides an analysis of a time block from the pawned-goods database. The collateral data, which have been organized into analytic tables in appendix 1, are referred to throughout these chapters. The housekeeping chapters are built on the material base of goods found in pawnshops, with the discursive picture in the narrative sources ﬁlling in the context. Full contextualization of the material evidence would have been impossible without the very rich monographic literature on Mexico City and the broader Latin American literature on material culture, ethnicity, and gendered honor.
While these schools expanded female education, they reinforced class and ethnic di√erences among women and the patriarchal social order. The Bourbon state also attempted to expand female job opportunities. Women owned half of the small cigar-making enterprises in the city, and a third of the cigar labor force was female, before the crown established a monopoly on tobacco growing and product manufacturing. ≤≠ As for other manufacturing enterprises, Viceroy Miguel Joseph de Azanza permitted women to work as cobblers.
A Culture of Everyday Credit: Housekeeping, Pawnbroking, and Governance in Mexico City, 1750-1920 (Engendering Latin America) by Marie Eileen Francois